Wednesday, December 21, 2016

Elections, no Mattarella, a law – Corriere della Sera

On the referendum and change of government, they have also said there are so many that now feel the need to put some point stopped him. Why that game continues to sow confusion and controversy, which, moreover, also involve the Quirinale. Better therefore to give an authentic version of the facts, he thought the president of the Republic. And by the course of events to descend to the truth, a constitutional crisis, of the birth of the new government and the fate of a Parliament which, however, prospects narrow. Speaks in front of the highest offices of the State, Sergio Mattarella, and introduces immediately the theme from the high turnout at the referendum vote, in which he sees “the request of a citizenship that wants to be the protagonist of the collective choices”. Immediately after describing the genesis of the government Gentiloni, on which rises a shield, not out of generosity b ut because “it is made in full and proper compliance with the Constitution” and, after the confidence of both Chambers, is now “in the completeness of its functions”.

governments elected by the people does not exist

But it is not a executive legitimate because it was elected by the people, have argued in several (and even political leaders), playing between misunderstandings and ignorance of the constitution. The good: the governments elected by the people do not exist, says Mattarella. There is a Parliament “as a body elected by the people,” the Paper that we have just confirmed he, “with the vote of confidence, the task of bringing the fullness of the functions of the government, appointed by the president of the Republic”. As to the “maturity” of the government and to the alleged hostility of the Quirinal palace in early elections, explains in his own way. Not really “in the clear”, but enough to be understood. “We are in the final stage of the parliamentary term, with a horizon of elections for verification of the alignment of the Parliament with regard to the guidelines of the electoral body, in the moment in which the trend of parliamentary life will determine the conditions”.

not to remedy distortions of the Italicum

that means: after the blow of the hammer of the referendum, the hypothesis of the dissolution he took it, and held it still, considering. Knowing that, in the doctrine, it is possible not only when it is less than a majority, but also when there is no correspondence between the will of the electoral body, and parliamentary representation (here "alignment" as theorized by Costantino Mortati). And here the only previous similar refers us to Scalfaro, when he dismissed the Rooms in 1994. It is not enough. The head of State proposes, articolandoli, the reasons for which it has not gone to the polls immediately after the 4 December: not to remedy distortions of the Italicum. This has stopped the race. In fact, to “allow for new elections with results that are clear is necessary to endow the Parliament of the electoral law that are not, as now, a strong majority, and the other absolutely is proportional to”. Rather serve, as they have recognized all of the parties to the consultations, read more “consistent, and not incompatible with each one of them.” Laws, adds, “fully operational so that there are no margins of uncertainty”.

A single date, a true watershed

In other words: it is not enough to say we run to the polls and maybe adopting, with some approximation, the judgment that on the 24th of January will be released by the advisory council, or proposing hastily the Mattarellum, which would, for example, to reanalyse the colleges and balance mechanisms of the spin-off. First you need to put the rules, that is, the voting system (to be built on a “general consensus” or “most extensive part of the government majority”), and safe from any uncertainty. And you have to make them well, to avoid the risk of possible claims and disputes. Then, after recalling the mission of the government on several fronts (the earthquake, markets, banks, employment, migrants), the president cites the international commitments of Italy and here is a single date, which can be taken as a true watershed. The end of may, with the G7 of Taormina. Implication: once made, the election law, if by that day the Parliam ent will want to store in the legislature, the Hill will not get in the way. For him, in short, one could vote in July or September. Finally, the passage to which Mattarella cares most about, his analysis of political and institutional. The revival of the obligations related to the “value of national unity”, who are at risk for the growth of the insecurity, the discomfort and the gap between the citizens. The unit as a “big social issue”, and that binds to another unresolved issue: that of a “calmer atmosphere, constructive, and respectful of the opinions of others.” An appeal that appeal to all political actors and the media, and social. “Who creates and spreads the feelings of enmity or even hatred acts against the national community and is under the illusion of being able to steer the direction. The hatred that penetrates in a society that invades and turns in all directions, to all and to each one”.

December 20, 2016 (change on December 20, 2016 | 22:44)



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